Park Place, Islington



3 Park Street, Islington 

1806-1810

 

This address first appears in February 1806. Crabb Robinson visits her there a month later. The last reference to this residence appears in late December 1808. The first house built in Park Place appeared in 1790, and still remains, giving us a very good picture of what Hays's home would have looked like, since it is possible it was just two doors down (see next three pictures below). Islington Park Street runs for two blocks between Liverpool Road (on the western edge, what was then known as Back Street) and Upper Street (on the eastern side), just south of the Highbury and Islington tube station and due north along Upper Street from Angel station. 

John Hays appears in the 1806 Survey Map of St Mary Parish, Islington, at 3 Park Place. However, in the 1805-06 Poor Rate Book, a James Trimmer has been marked out and Hays written after his name, with ^Mary^ written above the marked out name (see last picture below).  John may have procured the residence, but it does not appear that he ever lived there. It may be that on the day the tax collector made his rounds, Mary Hays was at home and when the collector changed the name to “Hays,” she may have asked him to add her own name, something not surprising for Hays but somewhat unusual for rate books. Whatever the case, the addition of her name would have been an important moment in her life, for it was the first (and this would prove the only time) that Mary Hays would live as an independent woman, though not so independent that she would decline taking upon her the care and education of John Dunkin's three youngest daughters, Emma, Sarah, and Marianne. 


The Rev John Evans, Mary Hays's correspondent from 1793 and the prominent Unitarian minister at Worship Street since 1792, lived not far away at 7 Pullins Row, just down Upper Street from Park Place. Hays is gone from the rate books by 1810. A John Lidiard, living at that time in Park Street, may have been the father, husband, or brother of the Miss Lydiard to whom Hays writes in June 1822. During Mary Hays time at this residence (1806-08), her Historical Dialogues for Young Person of both Sexes was published by Joseph Johnson and Joseph Mawman. Mawman advertised these volumes in his catalogues continuously between 1809 and 1820, as well as in the London and provincial papers. 

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At the juncture of Park Street and what was then Back Street (now Liverpool Street), the block to the right was Park Place, as was the block directly across on Back Street. The block to the left was Park Terrace (there was also a Park Lane and Park Row).  About three blocks down Back Street was Felix Terrace, where Sarah Hills would soon live, and not far from Upper Terrace, where Elizabeth Hays Lanfear lived at that time. Within a few years Emma Dunkin Hills, Mary's niece, would move into a townhome in Canonbury Square, which began just across Upper Street from Park Street. Thus, between 1804 and 1825, Elizabeth Hays Lanfear lives the entire time in this section of Islington, as did her sister Sarah and niece Emma Hills, with Mary Hays living there between 1806-08 and at various times with her sister in Felix Terrace and later in a boarding house in Cross Street, situated between Canonbury Square and Church Street, where Elizabeth Hays moved in 1810. It does not appear that Mrs. Hays, mother of Mary, Sarah, and Elizabeth, ever lived in Islington, but instead remained south of the Thames in the homes of either Thomas or John Hays until her death in 1812.